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清代巴山移民土著化研究

来源:本站 发布时间:2011-1-12 15:11:51 浏览量:

专门史专业   硕士研究生:岳精柱

指导教师:黎小龙  教授

内容摘要

清代“湖广填四川”,招来大量移民。川、湖、陕交界之地的大巴山区,亦不例外。大量移民的迁入,移民社会形成。在这样的社会里,移民们通过什么方式,通过怎样的行为实现族群认同,地域认同和文化认同,最后土著化?本文利用方志材料和大量的民间文书资料,用历史人类学的方法对清代巴山移民及其土著化进行了研究。

全文共分八个部分,包括绪论,正文和综论。在绪论中,笔者对有关移民及相关理论进行了概述,对大巴山移民及民间社会研究进行了回顾,并且还阐述了本文的现实关怀及研究方法。

第二部分,利用家谱材料对清代巴山移民情况进行了研究,并论证了巴山的移民社会。

第三部分,通过对移民参与安全堡垒——硐寨的修建、维护和一些安全活动的分析,阐述了移民的族群认同过程。

第四部分,通过对家谱中的婚姻材料的分析,揭示了移民的婚姻情况,分析了联姻手段在移民族群认同中的作用,阐述了姻亲与宗族社会的关系。指明联姻手段是调整族群关系的重要而有效的手段。

第五部分,对家谱材料进行分析,揭示了大巴山地区移民宗族的形成、发展过程及其特点;分析了政府在宗族冲突中的作用,宗族与政府的关系等。指明宗族社会的形成,是移民土著化的非常重要的标志。显示出移民族群认同过程。

第六部分,从民间信仰着手,分析了民间信仰在移民土著化中的作用。移民将家乡神移入新居地,随着时间的推移和人际交流的影响,其乡梓记忆逐渐健忘,出现了信仰的泛化,即从地方神变成了共神,成为当地居民的众神,展示了移民文化认同过程。

第七部分,从巴山场市角度考察分析,巴山宗族与场市的关系及场市发展过程。发现这个过程也是移民土著化的重要过程。同时还分析了庙宇与场市的关系。经济圈的形成过程,又是移民地域认同的过程。

关键词:清代    大巴山      移民     土著化


The Research on Nativalization of Immigrant in Mount Daba in Qing Dynasty

Major: Special History       Master: Jingzhu Yue

Instructor: Prof. Xiaolong Li

Abstract

The policy of filling the population vacancy from Huguang provinces attracted a large  amout of  immigrants in Qing Dynasty. The area of Mount Daba where sichuan province, Hubei province and shanxi province meet is not, an exception. The large amount of immigrants constituted the immigrant society. How did the immigrant achieve their clan identity. regional identity. cultural identity and nativalization finally? This dissertation studies the immigrants of Mount Daba in Qing Dynasty and, their nativaliation by the means of Historical  Anthropology with abundant local material and folk articles.

this dissertation is divided into eight parts including interoduction, main body and summary. In the introduction, the auther summarizes the theories of  immigrants, and reriews the studies of the immigrants and their society, then expounds the present sense and research way of this dissertation.

In the  second part, the author studies the situation of the immigrants and demonstrates the immigrant society of Mount Daba through genealogy material.

In the third part, the author expounds the process of the clan identity of the immigrants through analying the activities that the immigrants built and maintained the Dong stockaded villages, their safety forts.

In the fourth part, through analysing the marriage material in genealogy, the author reveals the situations of the immigrants'marriages, and analyses the usage of marriage to the clan identity of immigrants, then expounds the relationship betwean the relations by marriage and the  clan

socieaty;also indicates that marriage is an important and effective means to adjust the rlationship between the clan groups.

In the fifth part, through analysing the genealogy, the author reveals the forming and developing processes of the immigrant clans and their traits, and analyses the affect ofthe goverment in clan conflicts and the relationship between the clans and the goverment;also indicates that the forming of clan society is the very important sign of the immigrant nativalization and shows the process of the clan identity of the immigrants.

In the sixth part, the author analyses the affect of the folk faith in the immigrant nativalization interms of folk faith. The immigrants moved the gods of their hometowns to their new residences, and lost their memories about their hometowns gradually as the time passed and the residents communicated with each other. As a result, the immigrants`faith were generalized, that means the gods of their hometowns were changed into the common gods of the residents. It shows the process of the cultural identity of the immigrants.

In the last part, the author studies and analyses the relationship between the clan and the market and the developing process of the market in terms of the market of Mount Daba. It is discovered that this process is also an important process of the immigrant nativalization. The author also analyses the relationship between the temples and the market, and indicates that the forming process of the economic circle is the process of the regional identity of the immigrants too.

Keywords: Qing Dynasty     Mount Daba     immigrants      nativalization

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